Analog Clock Model
- Age Range:
- 6 to 10
Article excerpt from the field, by Kristie Smith, M.Ed, CTVI
Originally published in the Fred's Head from APH Blog .
“I'm late / I'm late / For a very important date. / No time to say “Hello.” / Goodbye. / I'm late, I'm late, I'm late.” -- The White Rabbit from Alice in Wonderland
Once upon a time, thanks to some clock adaptations from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), blind students understood their time concepts and never again had an excuse for being late.
Time and space can be difficult to learn for someone who cannot see to understand, but with some accommodations and a conceptual grasp of time, children with visual impairments will understand time just as well as their sighted peers. Two of the most effective learning tools of the trade are the Analog Clock Modeland the Clock Face Sheets in Braille .
The Analog Clock Model has raised large print and braille numbers with hands that easily move around. To reinforce concept building, APH has also devised the Clock Face Sheets in Braille . The classroom teachers of my students make no secret of their love for these sheets, as they continually ask me for more of them for practice exercises. The clock sheets contain four embossed clock faces as well as space for hands to be added.
Awareness of the full spectrum of time requires a firm grasp of the many time keeping methods. Comprehension of concepts like the past, present, and future, days, weeks, months, and years as well as a.m. and p.m. can be more challenging than smaller increments of time. The APH InSights Art Calendar , Individual Calendar Kit and Classroom Calendar Kit are great for helping students appreciate the difference between a day and a week or the span of a month relative to a year.
Since time management is such a critical life skill, I have developed the following fun activities, so that children will not dread their time lessons. When children are having fun, the concept will be understood more quickly and the lessons learned will last a lifetime.
Fun Activities for Teaching Time:
- Use a plate of food to teach the concept of clock face locations. The different foods are designated a location correlating to clock face times on the plate. For example, The ham is at three o’clock on the plate and the peas are at nine o’clock.
- Younger students most readily learn about time through the course of their regular routine. I like to place a Clock Face Sheet in front of them and use small gold braids for the hands on the clock. The child begins by identifying the time on the clock with when they first wake up. We move the clock hands to 6:00 and discuss daily a.m. activities. My student and I continue this exercise until it is understood how time and routine relate throughout the day.
- Practice counting by fives when traveling around the Analog Clock.
- For children with more than one disability, the Calendar Box system from APH works very well. The boxes are set up to represent times during the day with symbols. For example, if it is time for a snack, a cookie may represent that time for the student. Routine and real objects help the child build patterns from what may otherwise seem to be arbitrary events happening at random times.
- Turn on a stopwatch, and ask the student to jog in place for one minute and then five minutes. Ask them how it would feel if they jogged in place for an hour, sixty minutes.
- When using a calendar, discuss the twelve months of the year, the days of the week, the holidays and seasons.
- Have your student use a talking watch and feel how quickly a piece of ice will melt.
- Read books that start with, “Once upon a time .
- Challenge your student to braille as many words as possible in two minutes.
- Apply APH’s Game Kit to time studies. Try using the smaller board with fewer spaces. If the child can identify the correct time, he may roll the dice and advance that number of spaces.
Have fun, be creative, and create memories that will last a lifetime!